Everything you need to know about gingivitis

It’s the most frequent periodontal disease worldwide, it affects practically 100% of the population at some point in their lives and it’s both a problem that is very easy to prevent and treat. We are talking about gingivitis, a fairly common condition that causes inflammation and bleeding of the gums.

However, just because it’s common, it doesn’t mean it should be ignored. Knowing its causes and symptoms can help you avoid more serious diseases such as periodontitis, which can lead to the loss of a tooth.

For this reason, we want to explain everything you need to know about gingivitis so that you know how to detect it and you can go to your trusted dentist on time.

What exactly is gingivitis?

Surely you’ve heard on more than one occasion of periodontal diseases, a set of disorders that affect the tissues that support the teeth and that, if left untreated, can destroy them, even causing the total or partial loss of pieces. dental.

They are produced mainly by bacteria that accumulate on teeth and gums and form what is known as dental plaque.

Well, gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease in which there is inflammation, redness and very often bleeding when brushing.

Gingivitis can affect anyone at any age and is a completely reversible periodontal disease with proper treatment and care. What is important to remember is that if it is not treated in time it can trigger periodontitis or pyorrhea, a more serious disease in which the destruction of the bone that holds the tooth can occur.

What causes gingivitis?

As we mentioned above, the main cause of gingivitis is dental plaque. A sticky, barely visible layer that constantly forms on the teeth and is created by saliva, bacteria and the accumulation of food debris (it is also the main cause of tooth decay).

This is why poor oral hygiene can directly influence gingivitis. But this is not the only thing that can affect.

Certain infections or systemic diseases, hormonal changes caused by pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, the use of certain medications such as birth control pills, misaligned teeth or improperly placed or contaminated dental appliances, are also factors that increase the risk of suffer from the disease.

What are the symptoms of gingivitis?

If the gingivitis is mild, it most likely won’t show any signs. However, it never hurts to keep in mind that the most common symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Swollen gums that appear dark pink, bright red, or purple.
  • Soft gums that can be painful to the touch.
  • Bleeding while brushing or flossing.
  • Bad breath or halitosis caused by the accumulation of dental plaque.
  • Receded gums (which go up and expose the root).

How to prevent and treat gingivitis?

The best way to prevent the appearance of gingivitis is to have a proper and thorough oral cleaning routine that includes brushing at least three times a day, as well as flossing.

Visiting the dentist regularly is also important. It is best to visit the dentist at least once a year. In this way it will be easier to detect gingivitis at an early stage and you will also be able to undergo a professional dental cleaning to remove all traces of plaque, tartar and bacteria from the surface of the teeth that cannot be removed with a normal brush, using specialized instruments.

Remember: a healthy gum should not bleed, and if it does, it is a sign that you need to pay a little more attention to your oral health.

Do you want more information or have any doubts left? Contact us here and we will happily help you.

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